How Does Platelet Rich Plasma Work?
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) offers a long lasting or rather permanent solution for patients suffering from pain and various injuries today. The remedy works by enhancing the natural healing process of your body. One of the main benefits of this pain reliever is that it does not wear away with time, as conventional pain medications do. Owing to the recent popularity of PRP, many questions have been raised; regarding its effectiveness and most importantly, how the remedy works. Now that you would like to understand how the remedy works, do you know what platelet rich plasma is?
What is Platelet Rich Plasma?
Although human blood is mainly liquid (commonly referred to as plasma), it comprises of various cells, including red blood cells, platelets and white blood cells. The platelets are renowned for the role they play in clotting blood, but also contain growth factors—proteins that are important in the healing process. Platelet rich plasma is simply blood plasma that contains more platelets than other components. The concentration of platelets; hence the concentration of growth factors in PRP is normally five to 10 times greater than in normal blood.
To prepare PRP, a blood sample is drawn from the patient’s blood and platelets separated from other components, through centrifugation. The PRP formed is then injected back into the patient’s circulatory system. So, how does this PRP promote the healing process?
How PRP Works
Various laboratory studies have revealed that the increased concentration of platelets and growth factors in the patient’s blood is the one that promotes healing. For the PRP remedy to work, the injury site will be treated with a platelet rich plasma preparation. After injection into the affected tissue, including joints, tendons, and ligaments, PRP leads to local inflammation for a few days and eventually leads to the healing of the tissue. To aid in the healing process, the high concentration of bioactive growth factors in the PRP promote rapid deposition of collagen. As the collagen matures, it shrinks. This tightens and strengthens the injured tendon or ligament.
While this is a rather promising treatment for injuries, you may need to check its eligibility with your health insurance provider as plans do not support it.